CORSICANA, TEXAS — A man-made wetlands has become a magnet for migratory birds along the Central Flyway.
On the Navarro-Freestone County line, about 110 miles southeast of Fort Worth, Texas, Parks and Wildlife’s Richland Creek Wildlife Management Area has seen bird counts climb when the wetlands recently grew to 2,000 acres at the end of 2013.
On a gray, cloudy day recently, there were a variety of birds – from bald eagles to white-faced ibis – but the wetlands were overwhelmingly populated by ducks.
“This is probably one of the biggest stopover areas in North Texas,” said Matt Symmank, a Texas Parks and Wildlife biologist. “We typically don’t see this off the coast of Texas. We’re seeing more birds and more hunters.”
The wetlands is a joint project of Parks and Wildlife and the Tarrant Regional Water District and is managed as both a wildlife habitat and as a source of raw water for most of Tarrant County. The George W. Shannon Wetlands Water Reuse Project serves as a natural filter for water pulled from the Trinity River and last year provided about 20 percent of TRWD’s raw water supply.
The wetlands cost TRWD about $75 million, far less than the estimated $3.4 billion it would take to build the proposed Marvin Nichols Reservoir in Northeast Texas. TRWD has plans to build another wetlands project adjacent to its Cedar Creek Reservoir over the next decade.
Ken Kramer of the Lone Star Chapter of the Sierra Club said each wetlands project must be evaluated on a case-by-case basis to make sure it doesn’t have any negative impacts further downstream.
“The benefit of a wetlands project such as this one is it actually accomplishes more than one goal,” Kramer said. “It is much more beneficial than other types of wastewater and water supply projects because it provides habitat for birds and other types of wildlife.”
While the bird counts vary throughout the year, Symmank said they have soared as high as 30,000. Recently, about 10,000 birds were hanging out, many getting ready to head northward for the spring migration.
By April, most will be gone, having flown off for the Dakotas, Canada or even Alaska.
Besides hunters, the wetlands are also becoming an increasingly popular place with birders.
During field trips over Feb. 27-28, the Texas Ornithological Society counted 84 species of birds on the wildlife management area’s two units. The 5,209-acre North Unit contains the wetlands while the 9,029-acre South Unit in Freestone County consists of bottom-land hardwood forest.
“The bird population down there – it’s just gone crazy, it’s just increased exponentially,” said D.D. Currie, the regional director for Piney Woods region of the Texas Ornithological Society who splits time between Arlington and a second home in Henderson County a few miles from the wetlands.
Currie, who has traveled all over Texas to see birds, said she can now find most of them at the wetlands.
“Five years ago, you wouldn’t have seen a white-faced ibis there but now you can see as many as 30,” Currie said. “There so many bald eagles out there, they’re like gnats. Now there’s a dozen out there with a breeding pair on the South Unit.”
But this time of year, ducks are the predominant species.
The northern pintail duck was the most prevalent last week, but there also were plenty of northern shovelers, gadwalls, green-winged teals, blue-winged teals and mallards. While the ducks showed a preference for the water, a juvenile bald eagle and a northern harrier hawk alternated between flying over the wetlands and perching atop nearby trees.
“A lot of pintails will be leaving soon, and we’ll see a flush of more blue wings coming through,” Symmank said.
And this summer, they’ll be replaced by a new population of birds, including wood storks, roseate spoonbills, great egrets and great blue herons.
Hunters are finding plenty of ducks in the wetlands public hunting areas.
During the duck season that ended on Jan. 24, almost 2,600 hunters came to Richland Creek and killed 7,833 birds, according to Parks and Wildlife statistics.
While duck hunting has declined in popularity across some areas of the country, it is growing in Texas. The estimated number of duck hunters climbed from 54,675 in 2008-2009 to 99,514 in 2013-2014, according to Parks and Wildlife.
“I don’t know why,” Symmank said. “It’s just becoming more popular in Texas. The TV show Duck Dynasty is real popular. That may have something to do with it but I don’t know.”
Many first-timers come to public lands to try out duck hunting and they often have questions.
“It’s more complicated than some other forms of hunting,” Symmank said. “I end up walking people through on the phone about what permits they need.”
Because of the nasty weather – and with duck season being over – the birds have been largely undisturbed recently.
But hunters from as far away as Minnesota and Wisconsin were camping at the wetlands and searching for feral hogs.
For birders, Currie said, it is important to be aware of the hunting seasons when visiting the property.
“It’s an active wildlife management area so there could be hunters there,” Currie said. “It’s pretty primitive so you need to take a lunch and take some water and be prepared to go the bathroom behind a tree. You’ll need to allot quite a bit of time to see it all out there.”